The final aim for every medicine is to be as much efficacious as possible while minimizing the potential adverse effects that could arise from the.
The role of living organisms and animal models in scientific research has a long history. From Aristotle’s first observations on biology to the.
To facilitate pharmaceutical development, it is essential for scientists to study the effects drugs, substances, chemicals and other agents have on.
Animal testing for the benefit of medical and scientific research has been taking place for hundreds of years. However, testing on animals has always.
The process of Drug Discovery involves many stages of testing and multiple layers of government regulations. Each step involves a series of complex.