The 3Rs principle of Reduce, Refine, Replace has been in existence for over 50 years. The policy sets a framework for humane research on animals when.
The role of living organisms and animal models in scientific research has a long history. From Aristotle’s first observations on biology to the.
To facilitate pharmaceutical development, it is essential for scientists to study the effects drugs, substances, chemicals and other agents have on.
Animal testing for the benefit of medical and scientific research has been taking place for hundreds of years. However, testing on animals has always.
The process of Drug Discovery involves many stages of testing and multiple layers of government regulations. Each step involves a series of complex.
Animal testing is used to improve the quality of human life and help people to live longer. Animal testing is also used in chemical and cosmetic.
The 3Rs Principles provide a foundation for ethical and more humane animal research. They have been implemented in international legislations and.
The use of animal models involves the preclinical testing of live animals in order to establish the likely impact of treatments upon humans. It is.