3rs

Different Types of Animal Models

Animal models are used to study the prevention and diagnosis of human diseases and the development of vaccines and pharmaceutical products. Many.

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Reduce Refine Replace: How to Follow the 3Rs

The 3Rs principle of Reduce, Refine, Replace has been in existence for over 50 years. The policy sets a framework for humane research on animals when.

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Use of Animals in Research: Benefits and Alternatives

The role of living organisms and animal models in scientific research has a long history. From Aristotle’s first observations on biology to the.

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Alternative Toxicological Methods for Preclinical Research

To facilitate pharmaceutical development, it is essential for scientists to study the effects drugs, substances, chemicals and other agents have on.

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Why Animal Testing Is Necessary and How to Reduce It

Animal testing for the benefit of medical and scientific research has been taking place for hundreds of years. However, testing on animals has always.

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Cost of Animal Testing: Benefits of Alternative Methods

The process of Drug Discovery involves many stages of testing and multiple layers of government regulations. Each step involves a series of complex.

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What is Daphnia: Environmental Model

An organism also known as the water flea, Daphnia is an environmental model species used for the study of ecotoxicity. This freshwater crustacean is.

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Alternative Models For Cosmetic Testing

Before the sale and marketing of cosmetic products, manufacturers and distributors must ensure they are safe for use by humans. There is a legal.

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Types of Animal Testing and How Alternative Models Can Be Used

Animal testing is used to improve the quality of human life and help people to live longer. Animal testing is also used in chemical and cosmetic.

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The 3Rs of Animal Research: Applications & Alternative Models

The 3Rs Principles provide a foundation for ethical and more humane animal research. They have been implemented in international legislations and.

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