From the initial studies through to final approval, drug companies spend billions of dollars each year. The cost of Drug Discovery and development.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug approval process is a core component of Drug Discovery in the United States. All new drugs are required.
Chronic toxicity occurs as a result of long-term exposure to substances such as poisonous chemicals. It is linked to ecotoxicity, which is the effect.
The fast pace and fierce competition of the pharmaceutical industry ignites an ever-growing pressure to innovate and improve the Drug Discovery.